Volume 3 : Issue 6, November 2013

Table of Content, 29 November 2013

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Predicting Academic Adjustment Based on Perfectionism and Emotional Creativity in High School Students

Original Research, C70

Zarenezhadm, M., Reisy, J., Shojaei, M. Sasani S. & Naeimian Monfared, P.

J. Life Sci. Biomed., 3(6): 393-403, 2013.

ABSTRACT: The present research has been conducted to predict educational adjustment based on perfectionism and its components along with emotional creativity and its components. Using random multi-stage cluster sampling with the classroom as unit, a sample of 400 students of second graders in high schools was chosen in Boosher, Dashtestaan. They filled out three scales including educational adjustment perfectionism and emotional creativity. Analysing the data using appropriate statistical methods revealed that the reliability and validity of the scale is desirable. In general, the obtained results predicted a direct and positive effect of perfectionism on educational adjustment scores. Also, emotional creativity was a positive and significant predictor of educational adjustment scores. It means that with an increase in emotional creativity we would observe on increase in educational adjustment too with regard to previous findings and researches, our findings were discussed and suggestions were made to conduct future project. Applications and limitation of the study are also mentioned.
Keywords
: Educational Adjustment, Emotional Creativity, Perfectionism

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Review the Relationship between Organizational Intelligence and Moral Intelligence with Organizational Commitment of High School Managers

Original Research, C71

Sheikhi Fini, A.A., Zarei, E. and Abedini, M.

J. Life Sci. Biomed., 3(6): 404-408, 2013.

ABSTRACT: The aim of the present study is to review the relation between the organizational intelligence and the moral intelligence with the organizational commitment in the managers of high schools in Bandar Abbas City. The study is descriptive and correlation. The statistic society in this research includes all high school administrators in the city of Bandar Abbas whose numbers are 199 persons on the basis of the data centres and the statistics of Education Office of Hormozgan Province. With regard to the fact that the questionnaires were distributed among total 199 persons, hence the society and the samples were the same and the census method was used. It should be noted that of the 199 questionnaires distributed, only 167 questionnaires were returned. In order to collect the information on organizational intelligence we have used Karl Albrecht's three questionnaires, for the moral intelligence assessment, Lennick and Kiel questionnaire, and for the organizational commitment assessment, Allen and Meyer's Questionnaire was used. In order to analyse the data in descriptive part, we used the descriptive statistics indicators such as mean, standard deviation and for the inference part, multivariate regression analyses were used. The research results indicated that the theory of the research based on a relationship between the organizational intelligence and the moral intelligence with the organizational commitment has been approved. Accordingly, the research findings showed that the predictor variables of the organizational intelligence and the moral intelligence significantly predict the organizational commitment.
Keywords
: Organizational Intelligence, Moral Intelligence, Organizational Commitment

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Comparison of Mental Health and Aggression in Two Groups of Student's Using and not Using Internet

Original Research, C72

Narimani,N.,Moazedian,A.,Pur Nik dast, S., Rajabi, S., khoramdel, K.and Sabetimani, M.

J. Life Sci. Biomed., 3(6): 409-413, 2013.

ABSTRACT: The aim of this study was Comparison of mental health and aggression in two groups of student's using and not using internet. The study population 120 academic year of 2010-2011 that have been chosen based on multistage cluster sampling. This study was causal-comparative. For collecting data, the researcher made questionnaire, Ahvaz aggression scale has been used. For data analysis, independent t-test, two-way analysis of variance and Pearson correlation through the SPSS software have been used. The results showed that there is a significant difference between the means of two groups, using internet and not using, and the variables of mental health and aggression (P
Keywords
: Computer Users, Computer Nonusers, Mental Health, Aggression

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Aredvisura’s Anahita’s Impression in Avesta Transcripts

Original Research, C73

Esmaili, M.

J. Life Sci. Biomed., 3(6): 414-417, 2013.

ABSTRACT: In many of the Avesta transcripts, water has been praised as a pure and divine element. This element has different symbols including creation, productivity, death and revival. According to Avesta transcripts, Aredvisura is a form of water sanctification. In Avsta, water is considered as a heavenly, cosmic, essence of life, tonic, cleaner and immortal element. This research is to represent the water praise legend from Avesta transcript standpoint. The present article, through adopting a descriptive –analytic approach and based on Zoroastrians religious sources aims at investigating impression and importance of Anahita Aredvisura.
Keywords
: Apamnapat, Aredvisura Anahita, Avesta, Water

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Studying the Role of Academic Hardiness in Academic Achievement of Students of Islamic Azad University, Bandar Abbas Branch

Original Research, C74

Ahmadi, A., Zainalipour, H. and Rahmani, M.N.

J. Life Sci. Biomed., 3(6): 418-423, 2013.

ABSTRACT: This study aimed to study the role of academic hardiness in academic achievement of students of Islamic Azad University of Bandar Abbas branch. Material and Methods: This study is an applicable kind of study regarding the objective of the study. This study is also a descriptive-correlational kind of study considering the method used for collecting the data of the research. For this purpose, 325 students of Islamic Azad University of Bandar Abas branch were selected using random stratified kind of sampling method. After collecting data of the research, Pearson's correlation coefficient and simultaneous and stepwise regression were used in order to analyze the collected data of the research. The questionnaire tool was used in order to collect the data of the research. Kalantar and Shahni Yeylagh questionnaire was used in order to measure the psychological hardiness criteria while the total GPA scores of all the students was used in order to measure the academic achievement criteria. Findings: Data analysis showed that academic hardiness and academic achievement are correlated (r=0.0254). There was a significant relationship between academic hardiness and academic achievement in 0.01 level of significance. It can be inferred that the R2 obtained from the regression model shows that the academic hardiness can explain 10% of the changes in academic achievement of students of Islamic Azad University of Bandar Abbas branch. On the other hands, the remaining 90% of the changes in academic achievement is explained by other factors.
Keywords
: Academic Hardiness, Academic Achievement, Students

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Analysis of Artificial Reproduction Possibility in Fish “Iranociochla Hormuzensi” Through Changes in Ratios of Female Species

Original Research, C75

Mahmodi, G.M., Bahri, A.H. and Mohammadi Zadeh, F.

J. Life Sci. Biomed., 3(6): 424-427, 2013.

ABSTRACT: Iranociochla hormuzensi” Caod, 1982 is the only Iranian SKYLID species which has been found in Hormozdgan province. In this research for the first time there is possibility of studying the reproduction and sexual ratios of this salty river (Bagho) in the east of Bandar Abbas. The effects of different sexual ratios of male and female “I. Hormuzensis” have been conducted in three methods of A,B,and C with each of them are (F:M)1:1, (F:M)2:1 &(F:M)3:1 have been repeated 3 times respectively. The results show that the most richness of productivity is with the averages of 22± 1.53 and highest percentage of new-born surviving is with the average of %97.2± 1.23 belong to A grouping and the least richness of productivity with average of 6± 2.18 and the least new-born survival with average of 59.28±1.73 belong to C species.
Keywords
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The Effect of REBT on Reducing Somatization Syndrome, Obsessive-Compulsive Disorder, and Interpersonal Sensitivity of Women living in Qom

Original Research, C76

Hajmohammadhosaini, T., Vaziri, S. and Lotfi Kashani, F.

J. Life Sci. Biomed., 3(6): 428-431, 2013.

ABSTRACT: The present study is aimed to examine “the effect of REBT on decreasing Somatization syndrome, obsessive-compulsive disorder, and interpersonal sensitivity of women living in Qom.” Thirty people were randomly chosen in this intervention. Then, the group was randomly divided into two test and control groups (each 15 people). Rational Emotive Behaviour Therapy (REBT) was administered twice a week for test group in eight 2h training sessions. To measure the dependent variables of the study, SCL-90-R was applied. Data analysis was conducted using Covariance Analysis. Results indicated significant difference between mean test and control groups regarding Somatization syndrome, obsessive-compulsive disorder, and interpersonal sensitivity. Based on the results, REBT significantly reduced the three variables.
Keywords
: REBT, Somatization Syndrome, Obsessive-Compulsive Disorder, Interpersonal Sensitivity.

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How Appropriates Communicative Language Teaching (CLT) in EFL Context (an Iranian Case Study)

Original Research, C77

Memari, M.

J. Life Sci. Biomed., 3(6): 432-438, 2013.

ABSTRACT: Communicative language teaching (CLT) has been regarded as one of the ideal teaching approaches by many researchers and practitioners for the past three decades in the field of foreign and second language education. Yet, studies reported in many EFL countries have approved that there is resistance against CLT. As Widdowson perceived, the English language teaching that takes communicative competence as the invariable goal does not fit in the EFL contexts where learners’ engagement in social interaction with native English speakers is minimal. The purpose of this study is to investigate the Iranian teachers’ understanding of English teaching, predominantly the difficulties and challenges they face in the implementation of CLT practices in the Iranian context. The target population of this study was 220 Junior high school teachers of English in Khuzestan, Iran. The data for this study was collected through a questionnaire of 80 items and informal interviews. The results of the study showed that although the teachers are aware of the CLT and its concepts, they still reported that they have teacher based classrooms and used drills. Thus, based on the findings of the study, some implications are presented for teacher development and design of the English courses in Junior high schools.

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Polyphenol Content and Antioxidant Activities of Crude Extract from Brown Algae by Various Solvents

Original Research, C78

Bambang, B.S., Kumalaningsih, S., Susinggih, W. and Hardoko

J. Life Sci. Biomed., 3(6): 439-443, 2013.

ABSTRACT: Five species of brown algae, Sargassum filipendula, S. dublicatum, S. crassifolium, S. binderi and Padina sp were collected from the coastal of Sumenep. Seaweeds were extracted with ethanol, ethylacetic and n-hexan. The extracts of each sample were examined for phytochemical, total phenolic content (TPC) by using Follin Ciocalteau method and antioxidant activities with measuring the scavenging activity of DPPH free radicals. The ethanolic, ethylacetic and hexane extracts of all type of algae showed the presence of alkaloids, flavonoids and phenols. The ethanolic extracts of S. filipendula showed higher phenolic contents and antioxidant activities than the others. Total phenolic content and IC50 value of ethanolic extract from S. filipendula were 12.87 ± 1.04 mg GAE/g and 39.11 ± 2.04 ppm, respectively.
Key words:
Antioxidant Activity, Brown Algae, Phenolic Content, Solvent.

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Exploration Laser puncture Exposure Effect On Reproductive Point To Increasing Number of Leydig cells Catfish (Clarias sp)

Original Research, C79

Mantayborbir, V., Fadjar, M. Mahendra, A.P.W.

J. Life Sci. Biomed., 3(6): 444-449, 2013.

ABSTRACT: The main problems faced by in farmers catfish is still conventional of cultivation method is they based on the by nature conditions of the reproductive cycle. For reach adult size catfish male takes short time of about 8-12 months. Therefore, required the application of appropriate technology for accelerate provision of channel catfish brood stock and seed mass and continuous. Excitatory laser technology as a biostimulasi reproduction is a relatively new approach and has been shown to stimulate gonadal maturation and spawning types of female tilapia and catfish (Clarias sp). This indicates that the laser exposure can increase the performance of a hormone that plays an important role in the control of the reproductive system. The purpose of this study is: To determine the level of gonadal maturation, increased number of Leydig cells, determine sperm quality (motility and viability), and for determine the fertilization of sperm and egg hatching (hatching rate) male catfish (Clarias sp) which is exposed to the frequencies laser puncture exposure is different compared to control (no treatment). The experiment was conducted in April and July 2013 in the Laboratory of Reproductive and Breeding Fish Hatchery, Faculty of Fisheries and Marine Sciences, University of Brawijaya. This experimental study consisted of two treatments: control and treatment with exposure laser puncture in 2/3 part of the parent vessel governoer male catfish for 15 seconds with 3 replications. Laserpuncture treatment, each male parent catfish from each treatment was given maximum exposure laser puncture with power 5 mW and a wavelength of 632.8 nm. Frequency of exposure varied between treatments laser puncture the first treatment frequency laser puncture 1-week exposure, frequency of exposure laser puncture II treatment once every two weeks, and the frequency of exposure treatment III laser puncture one time in 1 month. To control the parent male catfish laser puncture maintained without treatment exposure. Data were analysed descriptively and diversity analysis or test F. If the F values were significantly different or significantly different then tested LSD (Least Significant Difference) and continued regression of the data for relationships between variables. Frequency of exposure laser puncture best for speed up the process of gonadal maturation, increasing the number of Leydig cells, motility and viability of sperm is laser puncture exposure frequency is once a week. Within one month has reached TKG IV, the number of Leydig cells 60.2%, 43% sperm motility and viability of sperm 89%. When compared with two weeks of exposure frequency, exposure frequency of one month, testis empty (post-spawning), and control (no treatment). After are exposed laser puncture sperm produced has proven capable for fertilization and egg hatchability. With an 86.2% fertilization results and 84.2% hatchability of eggs. The conclusion of this study is laser puncture can be used as an alternative to accelerate and to greater male reproductive system catfish (Clarias sp).
Keywords
: Laserpuncture, Catfish Clariassp, Reproduction Acupoints, Biostimulation

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The Relationship between Organizational Culture and Administrative Function in Babol County’s Guidance School Managers, Iran

Original Research, C80

Raeispour, A., Tahmasb Pour Karimei, E, Hassanpour, A. and Mollahasani, R.

J. Life Sci. Biomed., 3(6): 450-453, 2013.

ABSTRACT: This descriptive analytical study was done to consider the relationship between organizational culture and the manager’s administrative function from guidance school teachers and managers’ point of view in Babol city, Iran. The correlational-descriptive method was used. The statistical population included all 111 managers (57 male, 54 female) and 745 teachers (348 male, 397 female) of Babol County’s guidance schools in 2011-2012 academic year. The two Organizational Cultures and Managers’ Functionality substantive questionnaires were used to collect data. The management scholar views were used to determine the validity and the Cranach’s alpha was used to determine the questionnaires’ reliability (α=0.89) and (α=0.84) respectively. The research findings showed that each type of educational system cultures (participatory culture, entrepreneurship culture, missionary culture, and bureaucratic culture) have a significant relationship with managers’ administrative functions. Also, this relationship hadn’t significant correlation with gender and educational qualifications. The improvement of organizational culture would cause efficiency and improvement in the level of managers’ functionality through their training.
Keywords: Organizational Culture, Managers’ Administrative Function, Guidance School

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The Effect of Cognitive-Semantic Counseling on Agreeableness of Paranoid Patient Couples in Isfahan

Original Research, C81

Najarpourian, S. Fatehizadeh M. Abedi M. Karavan, N. and Esmaeili, M.

J. Life Sci. Biomed., 3(6): 454-458, 2013.

ABSTRACT: The purpose of this research was to investigate the effect of cognitive-semantic counselling on agreeableness of paranoid patients' spouses. The research procedure was semi experimental with pre-test and post-test design with control group. Sample was collected from the spouses of paranoid patients referred to psychiatry hospital. Sample consisted of 18 people who had been selected through randomized convenient method and were distributed in experimental and control groups. The measurement tool was marital agreeableness questionnaire set by the researcher. After doing pre-test for all subjects, the experimental group attended 8 sessions (1 session a week) of cognitive- semantic group counselling. After the counselling sessions, all subjects in two groups took a post-test and the data were analysed by co-variance analysis. Results showed that cognitive semantic counselling had improved marital agreeableness of subjects (P

Keywords: Marital Agreeableness, Paranoia Disorder, Cognitive-Semantic Counselling

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Relationship between Metacognitive beliefs and Thought Control Strategies with Panic Disorder Symptoms in Female Students

Original Research, C82

Lak, z., Abolghasemi, A., Moazedian, A. and Rahmani, P

J. Life Sci. Biomed., 3(6): 359-463, 2013.

ABSTRACT:The main purpose of this research has been to determine relationship between Metacognitive beliefs and Thought Control Strategieswithpanic disorder symptoms in Female students of Allame University. The research method was correlational. Statistical population of research was all Female students of University of Allamein the academic year of 2012-2013. 200 students were randomly selected via randomized cluster sampling. To gather data, the following three instruments were used: Metacognitions Questionnaire (MCQ), panic Beliefs questionnaire and Thought Control Strategies Questionnaire. Statistical index (meanand standard deviation), Pierson correlation coefficient, Stepwise regression analysis and SPSS-16 program were used for statistical analysis. The findings were following: The relationship between general factor of MCQ and all its subscales, and all Thought Control Strategies (except social control) with panic disorder were significant (P
Keywords
: Panic Disorder, Students, Regression Analysis.

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