Instructions for Authors pdfS_icon
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Submitting a manuscript to the Journal of Life Sciences and Biomedicine is on the understanding that:
1.The article has not been previously published in any other form and is not under consideration for publication elsewhere;
2.All authors have approved the submission and have obtained permission for publish work.
3.Researchers have proper regard for conservation and animal welfare considerations.
Attention is drawn to the 'Guidelines for the Treatment of Animals in Research and Teaching'. Any possible adverse consequences of the work for populations or individual organisms must be weighed against the possible gains in knowledge and its practical applications. If the approval of an ethics committee is required, please provide the name of the committee and the approval number obtained.

Ethics Committee Approval:
Experimental research involving human or animals should have been approved by author's institutional review board or ethics committee. This information can be mentioned in the manuscript including the name of the board/committee that gave the approval. Investigations involving humans will have been performed in accordance with the principles of Declaration of Helsinki. And the use of animals in experiments will have observed the Interdisciplinary Principles and Guidelines for the Use of Animals in Research, Testing, and Education by the New York Academy of Sciences, Ad Hoc Animal Research Committee. If the manuscript contains photos or parts of photos of patients, informed consent from each patient should be obtained. Patient's identities and privacy should be carefully protected in the manuscript.

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Submission

Authors wishing to submit their work, should contact editorial office of the journal via Emails: This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it  or This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it . The manuscript can also be submited online. All manuscripts must be checked by English native speaker and submitted in English for evaluation in totally confidential and impartial way.
Supplementary information:
The online submission form allows supplementary information to be submitted together with the main manuscript file and covering letter. If you have more than one supplementary files, you can submit the extra ones by email after the initial submission. Author guidelines are specific for each journal. Our MS Word template can assist you by modifying your page layout, text formatting, headings, title page, image placement, and citations/references such that they agree with the guidelines of journal. If you believe your article is fully edited per journal style, please use our Word template (.doc) before submission. Supplementary materials may include figures, tables, methods, videos, and other materials. They are available online linked to the original published article. Supplementary tables and figures should be labeled with a "S", e.g. "Table S1" and "Figure S1". The maximum file size for supplementary materials is 10MB each. Please keep the files as small possible to avoid the frustrations experienced by readers with downloading large files.


Types of contributions

  1. Research Paper: Please provide full author information, a set of keywords and an abstract in the title page. Supplementary materials can be published if necessary. Authors are encouraged to be concise although currently there is no length limit on research paper. Short Research Communication presents a concise study, or sometimes preliminary but innovative research findings that might be less substantial than a full research paper.
  2. Short Research Communication is limited to 2500 words. It should have a set of keywords and an abstract summarizing background of the work, the results and their implications. Results and Discussion Section should be combined and followed by Conclusion. Materials and Methods will remain as a separate section. The number of references is limited to 30 and the number of figures and/or tables combined is limited to
  3. Letter: Description of novel findings that might not be suitable for a regular research paper or short research communication may be published as letter. Letter is limited to be under 500 words and 5 references. There should be not more than two figures or tables combined, and no supplementary material.
  4. Review or mini-review should be authoritative and of high interest. A minimum of two figures/illustrations should be included in the review or mini-review that should be some 3000 or 5000 words long (excluding references and figure legends). High quality reviews from leading researchers in their fields are particularly welcome.


Review/Decisions

Manuscripts that are judged to be of insufficient quality or unlikely to be competitive enough for publication will be returned to the authors at the initial stage. The remaining manuscripts go through a double-blind review process by two reviewers and possible decisions are: accept as is, minor revision, major revision, or reject. Authors should submit back their revisions within 14 days in the case of minor revision, or 30 days in the case of major revision. 
Plagiarism:
There is a zero-tolerance policy towards plagiarism (including self-plagiarism) in our journals. Manuscripts are screened for plagiarism by Docol©c a plagiarism finding tool, before or during publication, and if found they will be rejected at any stage of processing. See sample of Docol©c-Report.

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Date of issues: All accepted articles are published bimonthly (around 25th of January, March, May, July, September and November, each year) in full text on the Internet.

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Manuscript preparation

Main Format:

The manuscript should be prepared as a word file arranged in the order of abstract, keywords, introduction, experimental, results and discussion and references. First page must be properly identified by the title, authors’ names and affiliations with one author clarified as the corresponding author. The full contact information (phone number and e-mail address) should be provided for this person. Tables and figures (at highest resolution) should be provided in the document in their appropriate place. For manuscript edited per journal Microsoft Word templates (.doc), Please include Tables and figures at the end of manuscript.

    Font: Times New Roman 11 point size
    Double spaced
    A4 format with 2.5 cm margins
    Automatic page numbering
    Automatic line numbering: On the Page Layout tab, in the Page Setup group, click Line Numbers. Click to "Add line numbering" and also "Continuous" Options, and then click OK


Title page:

-- TITLE (brief, attractive and targeted, UPPERCASE);
-- Name(s) and Affiliation(s) of author(s) including post code and corresponding author's E-mail). Please provide full names. Important! Please write first name and middle name before surname or lastname, e.g., "Mike Johnson" (not "Johnson, Mike"; not "Johnson M."; not "M. Johnson").
-- ABSTRACT (should not contain citations to references);
-- Key words (3-6 keywords, separate by semicolons; or comma);
-- Abbreviations (those used throughout the manuscript);

Main Text: Please do not add number before subtitles.

-- INTRODUCTION (should provide clear statement of the problem, the relevant literature on the subject, and the proposed approach or solution)
-- MATERIALS AND METHODS (should be complete enough to allow experiments to be reproduced)
-- RESULTS (should be presented with clarity and precision). In case of the effectiveness of a particular drug or other substances as inhibitor in biological or biochemical processes, the results should be provided as IC50 (half maximal inhibitory concentration) or similar appropriate manner. 
-- DISCUSSION; (should interpret the findings in view of the results obtained in this and in past studies on this topic); Results and Discussion can be presented jointly if preferred.
-- CONCLUSION; (elaborate on the importance of the work or suggest the potential applications and extensions); Discussion and Conclusion can be presented jointly if preferred.
-- Appendix (if needed)
-- Acknowledgements (if there are any);
-- REFERENCES;
-- Tables;
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Figures

Citation of Tables and Figures in the text: Tables and Figures should be numbered consecutively. Citation of tables and figures should use the format: Table 1, Table 2, ... Figure 1, Figure 2, ... (or Fig. 1, Fig. 2, ...). Parts in a figure can be identified by A, B, C, D, ... and cited as Fig. 2A, Fig. 2B, Fig. 2C. However, the abbreviation of "Table" to "Tab." for example "Tab. 1" should be avoided.

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References

References should be numbered consecutively and cited in the manuscript text by number (not by author and date). Number citations consecutively in square brackets [1, 2]. References should not be formatted as footnotes. Avoid putting personal communications and unpublished observations as references. A reference style for EndNote may be found here.

In the text: ---[1],--- [2, 3],--------[3-7].

If sentences starts or cite name of references in the text: …… Smit [1]……; Smit and Janak [2]………; Moreki et al. [3]……… .

Please note that the references at the end of this document are in the preferred referencing style. Give all authors’ names; do not use “et al.” unless there are six authors or more. Use a space after authors’ initials. Papers that have not been published should be cited as “unpublished”. Papers that have been accepted for publication, but not yet specified for an issue should be cited as “to be published”. Papers that have been submitted for publication should be cited as “submitted for publication”. Capitalize only the first word in a paper title, except for proper nouns and element symbols. For papers published in translation journals, please give the English citation first, followed by the original foreign-language citation.

Example:


Journals:

1. Sukiman, F, Imy SC and Hilman A. 2014. Short Communication: Growth of Seaweed Eucheuma cottonii in Multitrophic Sea Farming Systems at Gerupuk Bay, Central Lombok, Indonesia. Bioscience. 6(1): 82-85.

2. Hasan V, Sri Widodo M and Semedi B. 2015. Oocyte Diamater Distribution and Fecundity of Javaen Barb (Systomus Orphoides) at the Start of Rainy Season in Lenteng River, East Java, Indonesia insurance. J. Life Sci. Biomed. 5(2): 39-42. pii: S225199391500009-5

In press manuscripts (maximum 2):

Hasan V, Sri Widodo M and Semedi B. 2015. Oocyte Diamater Distribution and Fecundity of Javaen Barb (Systomus Orphoides) at the Start of Rainy Season in Lenteng River, East Java, Indonesia insurance. In press.

Conference:

Skinner, J., Fleener, B. & Rinchiuso, M. 2003. Examining the Relationship between Supervisors and Subordinate Feeling of Empowerment with LMX as A Possible Moderator. 24th Annual Conference for Industrial Organizational Behavior.

Book:

Russell, Findlay E, 1983. Snake Venom Poisoning, 163, Great Neck, NY: Scholium International. ISBN 0-87936-015-1.

Web Site:

Bhatti SA and Firkins JT, 2008. http://www.ohioline.osu.edu/sc1156_27.hmtl.

All the cited papers in the text must be listed in References. All the papers in References must be cited in the text.  Where available, URLs for the references have been provided.

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Competing Interests
Competing interests that might interfere with the objective presentation of the research findings contained in the manuscript should be declared in a paragraph heading "Competing interests" (after Acknowledgment section and before References). Examples of competing interests are ownership of stock in a company, commercial grants, board membership, etc. If there is no competing interest, please use the statement "The authors declare that they have no competing interests".

ICMJE Uniform Disclosure Form for Potential Conflicts of Interest

JLSB complies with International Committee of Medical Journal Editors' Recommendations (ICMJE). So, all authors will be required to complete and submit JLSB Conflicts of Interest (see ICMJE Conflict of Interest form). Please download the form, fill it out, save it to your computer, and then submit or send the form directly to us.


Abbreviations
Abbreviations should be presented in one paragraph, in the format: "term: definition". Please separate the items by ";".
E.g. ANN: artificial neural network; CFS: closed form solution; ....


Formulae, numbers and symbols

  1. Typewritten formulae are preferred. Subscripts and superscripts are important. Check disparities between zero (0) and the letter 0, and between one (1) and the letter I.
  2. Describe all symbols immediately after the equation in which they are first used.
  3. For simple fractions, use the solidus (/), e.g. 10 /38.
  4. Equations should be presented into parentheses on the right-hand side, in tandem.
  5. Levels of statistical significance which can be used without further explanations are *P < 0.05, **P < 0.01, and ***P < 0.001.
  6. In the English articles, a decimal point should be used instead of a decimal comma.
  7. Use Symbol fonts for "±"; "≤" and "≥" (avoid underline).
  8. In chemical formulae, valence of ions should be given, e.g. Ca2+ and CO32-, not as Ca++ or CO3.
  9. Numbers up to 10 should be written in the text by words. Numbers above 1000 are recommended to be given as 10 powered x.
  10. Greek letters should be explained in the margins with their names as follows: Αα - alpha, Ββ - beta, Γγ - gamma, Δδ - delta, Εε - epsilon, Ζζ - zeta, Ηη - eta, Θθ - theta, Ιι - iota, Κκ - kappa, Λλ - lambda, Μμ - mu, Νν - nu, Ξξ - xi, Οο - omicron, Ππ - pi, Ρρ - rho, Σσ - sigma, Ττ - tau, Υυ - ipsilon, Φφ - phi, Χχ - chi, Ψψ - psi, Ωω - omega.Please avoid using math equations in Word whenever possible, as they have to be replaced by images in xml full text.

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GRAPHICAL ABSTRACT

Authors should provide a graphical abstract (a beautifully designed feature figure) to represent the paper aiming to catch the attention and interest of readers. Graphical abstract will be published online in the table of content. The graphical abstract should be colored, and kept within an area of 12 cm (width) x 6 cm (height) or with similar format. Image should have a minimum resolution of 300 dpi and line art 1200dpi.

Note: Height of the image should be no more than the width. Please avoid putting too much information into the graphical abstract as it occupies only a small space. Authors can provide the graphical abstract in the format of PDF, Word, PowerPoint, jpg, or png, after a manuscript is accepted for publication.



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Submission
Date of issue
Review/Decisions
Format for Publication


(Revised on 30 July 2015)


Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License.