Volume4 : Issue 4, July 2014

Table of Content, 29 July 2014

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pii: S225199391400047-4

Investigating the Impact of Corporate Governance on Financing and Dividend Policies: Evidence from Iran

 

    

Original Research, D47

Gharibizadeh, M. 2014.

J. Life Sci. Biomed., 4(4): 245-251, 2014.

ABSTRACT: The Purpose of This Study is to investigate the Impact of Characteristics of Corporate Governance on Financing and Dividends Policies. In Firms Listed in Tehran Stock Exchange. to Measure the Characteristics of Corporate Governance, There Components of the Ratio of Non-executive Directors, Shareholder Ownership Concentration, and Board of Directors` Size Have Been used, Also in This Study, the Index of Quantifying the Policies of Financial and Dividends Ratio, Respectively to Test Nine Hypotheses of the Study .Data on 115 Firms Listed in Tehran Stock Exchange Have Been Analysed as a Sample By pooled Data Analysis for time period 2007_2010. In Order Estimate Appropriate Models of hypothesis testing in Pooled (Panel) Data, Chaw and Houseman tests Were Used. RESUTS of the Study, on the   Whole Indicate That Hypotheses One, two, and Six are Confirmed at%99 Confidence Level, and Also, hypotheses There, Seven, and Nine are Rejected. In Other Words, Non-Executive Directors Ratio, Shareholder Ownership Concentration, and Board of Directors Size Had a Significant Relationship With Dividend Policy. The Ratio of Non-Executive Directors and Shareholder Ownership Concentration Also Had a Significant Relationship With Financing Policy.
Keywords: Corporate Governance, Ownership Concentration, Non-Executive Directors, Financing Policy, Dividend Policy

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pii: S2251993914000484

Efficacy of Local and Imported Vaccines Aainst Salmonella Entertiodes and A. Paragallinarium

Original Research, D48

Akeila MA. And Sedeik M.

J. Life Sci. Biomed., 4(4): 252-256, 2014.

ABSTRACT: This study aimed to evaluation and comparing the efficiency of locally and imported vaccine against salmonella entrtidis and A. paragagallinarium.In this study, 270 SPF chickens were used to evaluate the efficacy of different imported and locally prepared inactivated pentavalent vaccines. The birds were divided into 3 experimental groups 1, and 2 (100 birds /each), each group was divided into 4 subgroups while Control group (3) had 70 birds and sub-divided into 4 subgroups as shown in the following figure.The Salmonella enteritidis it was taken and prepared locally in the Central Laboratory for Evaluation of Veterinary Biologics, Abbasia, Cairo. The titer was 108 CFU / ml. These strains were used in vaccine and antigen preparation as well as in challenging vaccinated chickens. While, the avibacterium paragalinerium Serotypes A, B and C were prepared locally in the Veterinary Serum and Vaccine Research Institute, Abbasia, Cairo. The titer of each was 3X108 CFU / ml. These strains were used in vaccine and antigen preparation as well as in challenging vaccinated chickens.So our study concluded that, the local pentavalent vaccine (S.E. , IC) gave acceptable antibody titers and good protection levels in comparison with the imported pentavalent vaccine.
Keywords:Efficacy, Local, Imported Vaccines, Salmonella Entertiodes, A. Paragallinarium

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pii: S225199391400049-4

Comparison between Local and Imported Vaccine Against Newcastle Disease, Infectious Bronchitis and Egg Drop Syndrome

Original Research, D49

Akeila M.A. and Sedeik M.

J. Life Sci. Biomed., 4(4): 257-261, 2014.

ABSTRACT: The aim of this study is to, prepare a potent inactivated pentavalent combined vaccine from ND, IB and EDS, evaluation the immune response of chickens to the locally prepared vaccine and study the comparative efficacy of the locally prepared pentavalent vaccine with the imported one. In this study, 270 SPF chickens were used to evaluate the efficacy of different imported and locally prepared inactivated pentavalent vaccines. The birds were divided into 3 experimental groups 1, and 2 (100 birds /each), each group was divided into 4 subgroups while Control group (3) had 70 birds and sub-divided into 4 subgroups. The viruses used in this study includes newcastle disease virus strain, the vaccinal strain was the lentogenic living LaSota strain and received from Department of Animal Science and Agricultural Biochemistry, University of Delaware, New York, USA. The titer was 1010 EID50 / ml. While, the challenge strain was virulent velogenic viscerotropic locally isolated field strain of Newcastle disease virus. It was isolated, identified and typed. Its titer was 109 EID50 in embryonated chicken eggs. The infectious Bronchitis virus, it was classical Massachusetts 41 (M-41) typed and received as allantoic fluids from Department of Animal Science and Agricultural Biochemistry, University of Delaware, New York, USA. Its titer was 108.5EID50 / ml. nut, the egg drop syndrome virus was strain EDS 76 typed and received as allantoic fluids from Department of Animal Science and Agricultural Biochemistry, University of Delaware, New York, USA. Its titer was 107 EID50 / ml. So the conclusion was that the local pentavalent vaccine (ND. IBV. EDS) gave acceptable antibody titers and good protection levels in comparison with the imported pentavalent vaccine.
Keywords
: Comparison, Local , Imported Vaccine , Newcastle Disease, Infectious Bronchitis, Egg Drop Syndrome

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pii: S225199391400050-4

The Effect of Seasonal Variation on Sweet Orange (Citrus Sinensis) Leaf Components

Original Research, D50

Babazadeh Darjazi B.

J. Life Sci. Biomed., 4(4): 262-267, 2014.

ABSTRACT: Studies have shown that oxygenated compounds are important in food products. It seems that seasonal variation has a profound influence on this factor. The goal of the present study is to investigate on seasonal variation of sweet orange leaf components. About 500 g of leaves were collected from many parts of the same trees during the vegetation season (in March, June, September and December 2012). Leaf components were extracted using water distillation method and then analyzed using GC and GC-MS. Data were analyzed using one-way analysis of variance (ANOVA) and Duncan’s multiple range tests. The amount of oxygenated compounds ranged from 26.04% to 37.60%. Among four seasons examined, September showed the highest content of oxygenated compounds. As a result of our study, we can conclude that the seasonal variation can influence the quantity of oxygenated compounds present in the oil.
Keywords
: Flavor Components, Leaf Oil, Seasonal Variation, Water-Distillation

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pii: S225199391400051-4

Study of The Relationship of Self-Regulated Learning Strategies, Self-Esteem and Personality Traits with Self-Efficacy

Original Research, D51

Golestaneh, S.M.

J. Life Sci. Biomed., 4(4): 268-272, 2014.

ABSTRACT: Self-efficacy is an important influence on human achievement in a wide variety of settings, including education, health, sports, and work. Students’ self-efficacy, which refers to students’ beliefs about what they can do in terms of a particular task or context, has likewise been shown to influence motivational and behavioral processes. The purpose of the present research was to examine relationships of self-regulated learning strategies, self-esteem and personality traits with self-efficacy of 2nd Grade students of Bushehr’s High Schools. The relevant sample consisted of 150 students of high school and selected through a randomly sampling. The instruments used in this research consisted of Self-Efficacy Scale, Self-Regulated Learning Strategies Questionnaire, Self-Esteem Inventory and the revised NEO Personality Inventory. The results indicated that there were significant relationships between self-regulated learning strategies, self-esteem and personality traits variables with self-efficacy. Also, to determine the contribution of each of the variables was used the multiple regression analysis. The results of regression analysis showed that for predicting self-efficacy, the best predictive variables were self-regulated learning strategies, conscientiousness and agreeableness orderly. Also, from among types of self-regulated learning strategies for predicting self-efficacy, the best predictive variables were note taking, self-evaluation and goal setting orderly. Therefore, in accordance with the results, the most important variable was self-regulation learning strategy. When that students monitoring on progress and used suitable learning strategies and setting goal, in turn, influenced on self-efficacy. Also, conscientiousness trait plays important role in student’s efficacy.
Keywords:
Self-Efficacy, Self-Regulated Learning Strategies, Self-Esteem, Personality Traits

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pii: S225199391400052-4

Investigating the Relevance of Religion Orientation and Parents' Educational Styles

Original Research, D52

Yousefi, E., Asadi haghighat, M., Khajehpoor, L. and Farahani, A.

J. Life Sci. Biomed., 4(4): 273-277, 2014.

ABSTRACT: The aim of the present research is to investigate the relationship between the religion orientation and the parents' educational styles. The statistical population in the present research involves all the couples between 20-55 years of age, residing in the city of Qeshm. From this population, 150 couples were chosen through the sampling method available, and were tested by the questionnaires of religion orientation and educational styles. Data of the research were analysed using the Pearson correlation coefficient. The research indicated that in the fathers' group, higher scores in religion-orientation were in line with greater possibility of using the authoritarian style, while higher scores of enjoyment were found to be correlated with using the aggressive or permissive style. In the mothers' group, results revealed that higher levels of religion orientation in different dimensions were found to be correlated with using the authoritarian style while lower and medium levels of religion orientation were in line with using the aggressive and permissive styles.
Keywords
:
Religion orientation, Educational styles, Couples

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pii: S225199391400053-4

Use of GIS in Survey Vegetation and Environmental Factors of Mangrove Forests in Bandar-e Khamir (Persian Gulf, Iran)

Original Research, D53

Gheibi, A., Keshavarz, M. and Dabbagh, AR.

J. Life Sci. Biomed., 4(4): 278-281, 2014.

ABSTRACT: In this survey, tried to show role of GIS in Vegetation and environmental factors of mangrove forests in Bandar-e Khamir(Persian gulf, Iran) as the figs has been presented. At each station dissolved oxygen, salinity, temperature and pH of water were recorded using portable Horiba U-10. These data recorded by GPS device and so transported to a GIS database. Recorded data transferred to UTM (Univer Transfer Mercator) for analyzing by Arqview software. Ratio Vegetation Index (RVI) and Normalized Difference Vegetation Index (NDVI) were analysed. At station 1, maximum water temperatures, salinity, DO and pH were recorded 34.5±0.1 (in summer), 36.46±0.05 (in summer), 7.71± 0.1(in spring) and 8.28±0.01 (in spring). Minimum water temperatures, salinity, DO and pH were recorded 20.46±0.01 (in fall), 30.1±0.005 (in fall), 5.53± 0.1(in summer) and 7.79±0.01 (in autumn). At station 2, maximum water temperatures, salinity, DO and pH were recorded 34.6±0.15 (in summer), 36.4±0.2 (in summer), 7.54± 0.3(in spring) and 8.32±0.02 (in spring). Minimum water temperatures, salinity, DO and pH were recorded 21.6±0.1 (in winter), 30.2±0.15 (in winter), 5.54± 0.1(in autumn) and 7.84±0.03 (in autumn). At station 3, maximum water temperatures, salinity, DO and pH were recorded 34.46±0.057 (in summer), 36.63±0.15 (in summer), 7.06± 0.2(in spring) and 8.33±0.03 (in spring). Minimum water temperatures, salinity, DO and pH were recorded 2156±0.01 (in fall), 30.1±0.01 (in fall), 5.59± 0.01(in autumn) and 7.8±0.01 (in autumn). At station 4, maximum water temperatures, salinity, DO and pH were recorded 34.42±0.28 (in summer), 36.3±0.43 (in summer), 7.98± 0.1(in spring) and 8.34±0.01 (in spring). Minimum water temperatures, salinity, DO and pH were recorded 21.52±0.02 (in fall), 30.2±0.007 (in fall), 5.15± 0.1(in summer) and 8.07±0.01 (in autumn). At station 5, maximum water temperatures, salinity, DO and pH were recorded 34.43±0.15 (in summer), 36.55±0.07 (in summer), 5.86± 0.1(in spring) and 8.32±0.01 (in spring). Minimum water temperatures, salinity, DO and pH were recorded 21.52±0.04 (in fall), 30.4±0.01 (in fall), 5.61± 0.1(in autumn) and 8.07±0.01 (in autumn).
KeywordsGIS, Vegetation, environmental factors, mangrove forests

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pii: S225199391400054-4

Identification of Barriers against Sports Tourism in East Azerbaijan Province

Original Research, D54

Khanzadi, E.

J. Life Sci. Biomed., 4(4): 282-285, 2014.

ABSTRACT: Sports tourism is an industry that has come to existence by combining sport and tourism industries. Many of countries used to realize this industry as the main source of employment, income and development in private section as well as infrastructures. Regarding the increasing role of sports in developing countries, considering this important industry is essential. The fruit of regarding sports tourism is the mental, spiritual and physical peace of the society. Furthermore, its economic and foreign currency revenues are effective to economic cycle of society. The main aim of this paper is to get a full understanding of sports tourism. The population of this research includes 53 managers and specialists of physical education and tourism related organizations that were active academically mainly in this part. To collect data, a researcher-made questionnaire, consisting of 32 questions was provided, noticing the barriers against the growth of sports tourism. After reviewing the validity and reliability of the questionnaire (α=%95), it got distributed. By use of the collected data, the amount of each factor was identified and ranked according to Friedman Ranking criteria. The results showed that all political, socio-cultural, managerial, technological, infrastructural and economical barriers have meaningful importance; however the political and economic barriers were identified as the most important ones. Regarding all of issues and discussions, it is dear that for removing the encountered barriers against the development of sports tourism of East Azerbaijan, the best way is the friendly and hard cooperation and camaraderie of different institutions and organizations, specially their top managers and organizers. There is a hope that this will be done due to the interest of the society.
Keywords
Barriers, Sports Tourism, East Azerbaijan

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pii: S225199391400055-4

The Impact of Persian Architecture on the   Indian Architecture

Original Research, D55

Esmaili, M.

J. Life Sci. Biomed., 4(4): 286-289, 2014.

ABSTRACT: The art of each nation or culture represents it ideology, customs, and traditions, or, in other words, the culture and civilization of that nation. Architecture is one of the most significant arts of Iranian civilization. Regarding the mythology, Iranian art is 6000-year-old and considering archeological resources, it is as old as its mythology. Due to dry and hot, and humid and   cold climatic conditions, there are two architectural styles in Iran using vault Arch, and using wood coverage. Although ecological conditions and abundance of materials in each area were so effective and helpful, the king’s power and Iranian ancient empire were other two elements paving the way for setting up whatever constructions in various districts and climates   have been erected. The expansion of Iranian architecture and its long and old history indicate that the purpose of constructing these monuments was more spiritual and intellectual which has in turn resulted in constancy and uniqueness of Iranian architecture. As a country having a longstanding footprint in human civilization, Iran possesses so many architectural masterpieces. Obviously, The Achaemenid expanded their empire, which extended from India to the coasts of the Mediterranean Sea and from Central Asia to some parts of Africa. They utilized the architecture of different nations under their authority to construct its structures. To discuss the influence of Iranian architecture, it is necessary to briefly review the aspects and features of Iranian   architecture since the outset   of the period after Islam. This criterion would better help to perceive the indispensable outcomes, the effect of Iranian architecture in India.
Keywords: Impact , Iran , Architecture, India, Ancient ,Islamic Art

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pii: S225199391400056-4

The Study of the Influence of Training Anger Management Skills on Resolving Couples’ Conflicts

Original Research, D56

Izadi, E. and Izadi, E.

J. Life Sci. Biomed., 4(4): 290-294, 2014.

ABSTRACT: While anger is a fulfilling emotion, it can be destructive too. It balances our inner structure and prepares us to confront the potential errors in our surroundings. Since anger management is one of the life skills, this study tries to investigate the influence of training anger management skills on resolving couples’ conflicts. The present study is an experimental design of pre- and post-test with control group that was carried out on clients with issues of marital discord in Family Counseling Center in Ghaen City in 2012-2013.Sample group who consisted of 60 people enumerated voluntarily and divided into two equal groups of test and control (30 people). Both groups filled 42- question questionnaire of marital conflicts (MCQ) then test group took part in 12 sessions of 90 minutes in anger management but the control group didn’t take part in those classes. After the program, both groups filled the questionnaires again. Mean and standard deviation were used for analyzing the data at descriptive level and at inferential level multi- variable covariance analysis and mono-variable MANOVA and ANOVA showed that components at pre and posttest stages revealed that training anger management had significant relationship with resolving couples’ conflicts.
Keywords
:
Anger Management, Couples’ Conflict, Ghaen Cityhe 

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pii: S225199391400057-4

The Relationship between Personality Characteristics and Methods of Conflict Resolution with Dyadic adjustment


Original Research, D57

Arezi, S. and Shahbazi, M.

J. Life Sci. Biomed., 4(4): 295-300, 2014.

ABSTRACT: The purpose of study is to examine the personality characteristics and methods of conflict resolution with dyadic adjustment of parents of secondary school students in Kermanshah. The statistical population included the parents of elementary students of Kermanshah in 2011. They were selected using random cluster sampling and data was collected using The NEO Five-Factor Inventory, dyadic adjustment Questionnaire (Spinner) and Conflict Tactics Scale. From among the distributed ones, 161 ones were returned. The findings showed that the correlation coefficient is meaningful between dyadic adjustment and psychosis (-0.332 and at the level of P
Keywords
Personality Characteristics, Methods of interpersonal Conflict Resolution, Dyadic Adjustment

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pii: S225199391400058-4

Comparative Study of the Difference in Frequency of Type and Content of Delusions based on the Place of Residence in Persons Afflicted with Schizophrenia with Different Cultural Backgrounds

Original Research, D58

Kian Manesh, S. and Jenaabadi, H.

J. Life Sci. Biomed., 4(4): 301-304, 2014.

ABSTRACT: The overall goal of this study is to investigate the difference in frequency of type and content of delusions based on the place of residence in persons afflicted with Schizophrenia with different cultural backgrounds. The population of this study includes all the patients afflicted with Schizophrenia visiting Baharan Department of Psychiatry in Zahedan and all patients afflicted with Schizophrenia visiting Ebne-Sina Department of Psychiatry in Mashhad from April 2012 until September 2012. In order to access a group of subjects so that the possibility of proper statistical analysis is provided generally 46 individuals were selected among which 32 patients were afflicted with Schizophrenia in Baharan Department of Psychiatry in Zahedan and 32 patients were afflicted with Schizophrenia in Ebne-Sina Department of Psychiatry in Mashhad. In this study, the sampling method is the accessible method. The tool used is TST PANSS (scale of positive and negative syndromes for patients afflicted with Schizophrenia). For data analysis through descriptive statistics, the table of frequency has been used. The results showed that regarding the frequency of the type of delusion based on the place of residence patients afflicted with Schizophrenia in Mashhad have been allocated the highest percentage of persecutory delusions compared with the other delusions while patients afflicted with Schizophrenia in Zahedan have been allocated the lowest percentage of persecutory delusions compared with other delusions and the patients of Mashhad. Furthermore, regarding the frequency of delusion based on the place of residence the patients afflicted with Schizophrenia in Mashhad have shown a higher percentage of media content compared with the patients afflicted with Schizophrenia in Zahedan. Also, the family content of delusions based on the place of residence in Mahhad has been observed more compared with Zahedan.
Keywords: 
Schizophrenia, Type and Content of Delusions, Cultural Background

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pii: S225199391400059-4

Evaluation the Ability of Different Artificial Intelligence-Based Modeling Techniques in Prediction of Yield Using Energy Inputs Data of Farms

Original Research, D59

Firoozi, S., Sheikhdavoodi, MJ. And Sami, M.

J. Life Sci. Biomed., 4(4): 305-311, 2014.

ABSTRACT: Modelling of farm output yield on the basis of input energies will help to improve the energy efficiently of agricultural practice. In this study the ability of various types of artificial neural networks and Neuro-fuzzy inference models were evaluated and the sensitivity of greenhouse cucumber yield to different energy inputs was evaluated using the best developed models. The results showed that a Multi-Layer Perceptron model with six inputs and four neurons in each of four hidden layers provided the best results with determination coefficient of 0.94 and the mean square error of 0.0040. The results of artificial neural networks were comparatively better than those of Neuro-fuzzy inference model. The sensitivity analysis results showed that the cucumber production is more sensitive to labour energy than other energy inputs. 
Keywords: Energy, ANN, CANFIS, Prediction Model, Yield Sensitivity

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pii: S225199391400060-4

An Examination of the Relationship between Attachment Styles and Social Skills among Intellectually Disabled Female Students of Special Schools

Original Research, D60

Nateghian, SH. and Fallahchay, S.R.

J. Life Sci. Biomed., 4(4): 312-315, 2014.

ABSTRACT: Limitation in social skills is one of the most important causes of deficit in intellectually disabled children’s adaptive behaviour. This study is aimed at examining the relationship between attachment styles and social skills among intellectually disabled female students of special schools in Bandar Abbas. The population of this correlational research includes 105 intellectually disabled female primary students of special schools in the city of Bandar Abbas. Due to the small research population, census was used rather than sampling. Thus, all members of the research population were selected as the research sample. The Attachment Styles Questionnaire by Van Oudenhoven and Hofstra and Social Skills Questionnaire by Gresham and Elliott were used to collect the research data. Pearson’s correlation coefficient and regression analysis were utilized to analyze the research data using SPSS 18. The results showed that the social skill of self-control has a significant correlation of 0.30 with secure attachment and 0.30 with insecure-resistant/ambivalent attachment within the whole research population. However, the correlation between self-control and insecure-avoidant attachment and insecure-disorganized attachment was not significant. Thus, it can be concluded that there is a significant relationship between attachment styles and the social skill of self-control and children who are more socially skilled in this regard have more secure attachment style compared with other children.
Keywords: 
Attachment style, self-control social skill, intellectually disabled children

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pii: S225199391400061-4

The Efficacy of Teaching Metacognitive Strategies on Improving Achievement Motivation and Academic Achievement of Blind Students

Original Research, D61

Faramarzi, S., Hosseinalizade, M., Dadmehr, AA. And Pishro, S.

J. Life Sci. Biomed., 4(4): 316-319, 2014.

ABSTRACT: Current study aimed at examining the efficacy of metacognitive strategies on improving achievement motivation and academic achievement of Blind students. This research is quasi-experimental and enjoyed a pre-test, post-test design with control group. Accordingly, considering the entry requirements to the study and using multi- stage sampling, 30 persons were selected out of the blind students of middle schools in Tabriz during 2012-2013 academic year and were randomly assigned to experimental and control groups. The experimental group was instructed about metacognitive strategies for 10 sessions, but the control group received no intervention. To gather data three instruments were used: a) Herman’s29-item questionnaire of achievement motivation. B) The academic report cards of first and second semesters of the students. The data were analysed and interpreted by making use of MANCOVA of SPSS-18 software. the results proved that teaching metacognitive strategies lead to a significant difference between the performance mean of both the experimental and control groups in respect of achievement motivation and academic achievement in the post-test stage (P
Keywords: Blind Students, Metacognition, Achievement Motivation, Academic Achievement

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pii: S225199391400062-4

Activation of Trace Elements in Concrete Walls of the Solid Target Room at Cyclotron Accelerator at NRCAM

Original Research, D62

N. Roshanbakht, M.K. Marashi, M. Salehkotahi, Gh. Raisali.

J. Life Sci. Biomed., 4(4): 320-326, 2014.

ABSTRACT: Concrete as a construction material is used widely in nuclear facilities. The walls of the solid target room of cyclotron accelerator at Nuclear Research Center for Agriculture and Medicine (NRCAM) are made of concrete with mass density of 2.3 g/cm3. In routine production of radiopharmaceuticals 201Tl and 67Ga at Cyclotron Dept. at NRCAM, which are, respectively, based on the 203Tl (p,3n) 201Pb 201Tl   and 68Zn(p,2n) 67Ga   nuclear reactions, in addition to the main products 201Pb and 67Ga, a number of neutrons are also produced as a by-product. The collision of emitted neutrons with the equipments and concrete walls of the target room can cause them to become activated. In this paper the neutron-induced activity of the elements in the concrete, with a reasonable half life, after a period of 30 years of cyclotron operation were investigated. Among the elements constituting the concrete, the isotopes 151Eu, 59Co, 153Eu, 133Cs, and 40Ca which turn respectively to the radioisotopes 152Eu, 60Co, 154Eu, 134Cs and 41Ca were considered. Our calculations show that the estimated specific activity of the above mentioned radioisotopes, after 30 years of cyclotron operation are 23.059 Bq/kg, 6.186 Bq/kg , 0.511 Bq/kg, 0.241   Bq/kg and 0.055 Bq/kg espectively.
Keywords: 
activity, trace elements, concrete, cyclotron, radiopharmaceutical

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pii: S225199391400063-4

Comparison Effectiveness of Cognitive - Behavioral Therapy and MetaCognitive Therapy on Improvement of Body-Image Among University Students With Social Phobia

Original Research, D63

Narimani, M. Sobhi, N. Lak, Z., Moazedian, A., Rahmani, P., Sabet Imani, M.

J. Life Sci. Biomed., 4(4): 327-332, 2014.

ABSTRACT: The purpose of this study was to investigate Comparison the Effectiveness of Cognitive –Behavioural Therapy and Metacognitive Therapy on improvement of Body-Image among university students with social phobia. The design of the study is Experimental with pre-test -post-test and control group. The population of the study were all the Shahed university Students With social Phobia that referred by the statement that was published in the University and scored the most points in social phobia test. Students were allocated in to experimental group (N=16) and control group (N=16). The Therapy was administrated in 10 weekly sessions on the experimental group while there was no psychological treatment for the control group. Social Phobia Questionnaire (SPIN) and Multidimensional Body–Self Relations Questionnaire (MBSRQ) were completed by both groups before and after program. The data was analyzed using Covariance. There were no significant differences between 3 groups before intervention. There were no significant differences in social phobia and Body-Image between 3 groups before intervention. Results of this study demonstrated that Cognitive –Behavioural Therapy and Metacognitive Therapy led to significant decrease in Social Phobia.
Keywords: Cognitive-Behavioural Therapy and Metacognitive Therapy, Social Phobia, Body-Image

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pii: S225199391400064-4

Comparison Effect of Human Resources Management’s Functions on Promotion of Job Satisfaction in the Staff of Ministry of Sport And Youth

Original Research, D64

Jafargholi, J.Nozari, V. Mohammadzadeh Y.

J. Life Sci. Biomed., 4(4): 333-337, 2014.

ABSTRACT: The most important aims of every organization, especially sport organizations, are the improvement of its productivity level and that man plays a central role in productivity, his/her demands will leave key effects in organization. Participation of the staff and their clever and conscious attempts accompanied by work discipline can affect the productivity level and changes required for the improvement of productivity, especially in a turbulent and insecure environment. The present study has considered the effect of job satisfaction on the productivity of human resources in Ministry of Sport and Youth. The present study is a descriptive survey based on library and data collection methods. The statistical population of the present research is comprised of all the employees (890) of Iran’s Ministry of Sport and Youth. According to the limited statistical population with 95% level of significance and through Cochran Formula, the sample was reduced to 129 participants. A simple random sampling method was used to select the participants from the list introduced by the organization. Results indicated the effect of human resources management’s function on enhancement of job satisfaction in employees of Ministry of Sport and Youth is lower than the average level. Generally, the findings of the present study showed that the human resources management’s function has a significant effect on enhancement of job satisfaction in Ministry’s employees.
Keywords:
Human Resources Management, Promotion of Job Satisfaction , Ministry of Sport and Youth

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pii: S225199391400065-4

The Effect of Human Resource Management Functions on the Quality of Working Life in the Department of Sport

Original Research, D65

Jafargholi, J.Nozari, V. Mohammadzadeh Y.

J. Life Sci. Biomed., 4(4): 338-341, 2014.

ABSTRACT: One of the most important goals of any organization is improving productivity. Humans play a crucial role in creating productivity. It was observed in the current research that human resource management functions significantly affects working life quality of employees in the Department of Sport. Factors influencing the quality of working life include job security, mental relaxation, and participation in decision-making, matching of work with worker, job promotion, appropriate workplace, and responsibility. Therefore, this research aims at investigation of the effect of human resource management functions on promoting human indexes influencing human resource productivity in sport organizations. The results showed that the amount of observed t was -18.67 and the Zero hypothesis was rejected. Based on, it can be stated that the effect of human resource management functions on working life quality of employees in the Department of Sport is less than average amount.
Keywords: Human Resource Management, Quality of Working Life, Sport Department

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pii: S225199391400066-4

Behavioral Perspective of Alavi Wisdom

Original Research, D66

Abdi, F.

J. Life Sci. Biomed., 4(4): 342-345, 2014.

ABSTRACT: This paper explores behaviour issue and its different aspects in the words of Imam Ali (as) and has attempted to take advantage of his valuable words to investigate behaviour, types of behaviour, aspects of behaviour, innate and acquired behaviour, and differences in behaviours, roles and impact of behaviour. For this purpose, the researcher investigates Mottos among the words of Ali (AS) in Nahjolbalagheh (sermon 241, letter 79 and motto 480), and after reviewing the 480 valuable mottos of the precious and heavy book extracted the following findings: A) Among the mottos of Nahjolbalagheh, motto 327 (about 68.12 percent) have been mentioned directly and indirectly behaviour issue of in various aspects. B) Ali (AS) in his speech has investigated the different aspects of behaviour (personal, social, social - moral, and believed) this indicates his attention. C) Individual aspects of treatment with allocation of 24.79 percent of the mottos of the Nahjolbalagheh is in the top of aspects of behaviour, and this indicates that the aspect of behaviour is basis of social behaviour and has considerable importance. Finally, the researcher has introduce solutions for applied the behaviours of Ali (as).
Keywords:
behaviour, Motto, Nahjolbalagheh, Ali (AS)

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pii: S225199391400067-4

Effect of Psychodrama-Based Group Training for Healthy Lifestyle on Psychological Balance, Spiritual Well-Being and Optimism

Original Research, D67

Manzaree Tavakoly, F. Namdari, K. and Esmaili, M.

J. Life Sci. Biomed., 4(4): 346-351, 2014.

ABSTRACT: This study was aimed at studying the effectiveness of psychodrama-based group training for healthy lifestyle for the psychological balance, spiritual well-being and optimism in female students residing at the dormitory of Isfahan University during the first semester of 2013. It was a semi-experimental research with pre-test, post-test, and control groups. In order to carry out this study, 200 samples were randomly taken from all female freshmen residing at dormitory. All of the students answered the Draucker’s psychological balance subscale, Paloutzian and Ellison’s spiritual well-being subscale, and the LOT-R optimism subscale. Afterwards, 32 students with low scores in these scales were selected and were randomly grouped into two 16-member experimental groups and one control group. The experimental group was exposed to group training for healthy lifestyle for eight 90-minute sessions while the control group was not exposed to this intervention. Post-test results obtained using the covariance analysis method indicated that intervention with teaching a healthy lifestyle using psychodrama had a significant effect on the psychological balance, spiritual well-being and optimism of students in the experimental groups.
Keywords:
group training for lifestyle, psychodrama, psychological balance, spiritual well-being, optimism

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pii: S225199391400068-4

Predicting Intensity of Neutron-Induced of Nuclear Reactions in a Cyclotron Accelerator

Original Research, D68

Roshanbakht, N. Marashi, M. and Salehkoutahi, M.

J. Life Sci. Biomed., 4(4): 352-355, 2014.

ABSTRACT: In the Cyclotron accelerator the radioisotopes of   201Tl and 67Ga   can be produced using the proton projectile on the   203Tl and 68Zn targets by the nuclear reactions of   and 68Zn (p, 2n) 67Ga. More over the neutron particles also are produced during these reactions beside mentioned radioisotopes. These particles are known as undesirable particles and because of crashing with the facilities and concrete wall of shield of the solid targets by the neutron capturing reactions are activated. So calculation of the produced neutrons flux based on the energy unit is important. So first using the calculation code of SRIM-2013 the incident beam energy loss in each target layers and their copper substrate is calculated and then the cross section of the possible nuclear reactions which will lead to the neutrons production can be calculated by the calculation code of ALICE-91. Finally the total number of the produced neutrons and their energy spectrum are calculated.
Keywords:
Cyclotron accelerator, Radioisotopes, Neutrons flux

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pii: S225199391400069-4

Relationship between Employee’s Participation and Their Organizational Commitment in Fars and Bushehr Regional Electric Company

Original Research, D69

Nickkerdar MA, Afrasiabi H., Fareidooni Z., Jaafari MA., Nouroozi Z. and Javdan M.

J. Life Sci. Biomed., 4(4): 356-370, 2014.

ABSTRACT: The aim of this study was to examine the relationship between employees’ participation and their organizational commitment in Fars and Bushehr Regional Electric Company.Method: in a correlational study, 389 employees (340 men and 40 women) were selected via simple random sampling. Organizational commitment scale, a researcher–made scale for employee’s participation and a number of questions for acquiring demographic information were administered to the participants. Data analysing methods included descriptive statistics and stepwise multiple regression. Results showed that employee’s participation was related positively to their organizational commitment. Level of education had negative relationship with emotional and normative commitment. Work experience had negative relationship with normative commitment. None of the independent variables had significant relationship with continuance commitment and employee’s participation can enhance their organizational commitment.
Keywords:
Participation, Organizational Commitment, Regional Electric Company, Employees and Fars and Bushehr provinces.    

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pii: S225199391400070-4

The Relationship between Life Skills and Mental Health in High School Students

Original Research, D70

Morovati, Z. Elahi, T. Babaei, A. and Ghadimi, A.

J. Life Sci. Biomed., 4(4): 371-374, 2014.

ABSTRACT: The purpose of the present study was to examine the relationship between life skills and mental health in high school students. The statistical population of this study consisted of all the male high school students of Zanjan Province (Iran) within the academic year of 2007-2008. From this population, 300 students were selected using a multi-stage random method. The research instruments were Life Skills Questionnaire and The Symptom Checklist-90-Revised (SCL-90-R). The results of the simple correlation showed that there is significant relationship between analytical skill, decision making skills, problem solving skills, assertiveness skills and creative thinking with mental health, but there is no significant relationship between cooperative skills with mental health. The results of regression analysis also showed that analytical skill, decision making skills, assertiveness skills and cooperative skills orderly played a major role in predicting mental health.
Keywords:
Life skills, Mental health, High School Students

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pii: S225199391400071-4

Comparative Study of Emotional Growth between Preterm Infants and Term Infants

Original Research, D71

Pouretminan, K. Saraf, M. and Allah Bigdeli, I.

J. Life Sci. Biomed., 4(4): 375-379, 2014.

ABSTRACT: The Emotional growth of preterm infants in 12th month is assessed in this investigation. 41 preterm infants (M=27.16 weeks) and 22 term infants (M=39.30) were compared in standardized behavioral test. Studying emotional reaction of happiness, anger, fright, and permanent attention were purposes of this investigation. Behavioral assessment showed that preterm infants rejoice the same as term infants during an exciting joy. Preterm infants showed intense reaction relate to situation makes emotional reactions of fear. Preterm infants showed high grade of movement activity in all 3 situations. They had a different heedfulness pattern i.e. reduction of primary attention level during the event. Clinical relation of the effective results on behavioral problems was studied too.
Keywords: Preterm infants, Emotional development, Behavioural assessment

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pii: S225199391400072-4

A Review of the Effect of Privatization Legislation on the Workforce Job Security

Original Research, D72

Arbabi, F. Aghamohammadi, I. and Tohidi.

J. Life Sci. Biomed., 4(4): 380-382, 2014.

ABSTRACT: The designation of the ownership of property from the public sector to the private sector is one of the policies of developed and developing countries, including Iran. In fact, any transfer of activities from the public sector to the private sector lies with the issue of privatization law. The government that is trying to enforce the privatization law should examine the effects of the privatization law as well as the impacts of the ownership change, identifying the obstacles and constraints in order to set about minimizing the effects of designations. Hence it would be possible after the handover; a situation arose, testifying to a weakened job security or no job security. Or on the contrary, it brings about better conditions in some ways. The results of the present study show that the job security situation in Iran is not appropriate in light of the privatization law. This issue will bear more significance in the short term, and it could be noted that a successful privatization depends on meeting the interests of all parties, employers, employees, and the general public. Thus, the lack of match conditions and labor matters in the public sector compared to the private sector is a very significant issue in terms of the workforce job security conditions in light of the privatization laws. Accordingly, to clarify the status of the workforce job security in the light of the privatization legislation; this paper first explores the issues of privatization laws, job security and labor in the public and private sectors, and then addresses the impact of privatization legislation on these issues.
Keywords:
J
ob security, privatization, workforce, public sector, private sector

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