Volume 4 : Issue 2, March 2014

Table of Content, 29 Mar 2014

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pii: S225199391400013-4

Comparison of Peel Components of Pummelo (Citrus Grandis) Obtained Using Cold-Press and Hydrodistillation Method

Original Research, D13
Babazadeh Darjazi, B.

J. Life Sci. Biomed., 4(2):71-77, 2014.

ABSTRACT: Studies have shown that oxygenated compounds are important in food products. It seems that extraction methods have a profound influence on this factor. The goal of the present study is to investigate on flavor components of pummelo obtained using cold-press and hydro distillation. In the last week of January 2012, at least 40 mature fruit were collected from many parts of the same trees. Peel components were extracted using cold-press and hydro distillation method. Then all analyzed using GC and GC-MS. Data were analyzed using one-way analysis of variance (ANOVA) and Duncan’s multiple range tests. The amount of aldehydes ranged from 0.14% to 0.28%. Between two methods examined, cold-press showed the highest content of aldehydes. As a result of our study, we can conclude that the extraction methods used can influence the quantity of oxygenated compounds present in the oil.
Keywords
Cold-Press, Extraction Method, Flavor Components, Hydro Distillation, Peel Oil

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pii: S225199391400014-4

Evaluation of the Effectiveness of Dialectical Group Counseling on the Adjustment between Mothers and Their Adolescent Daughters

Original Research, D14

Kabirsani, S., Sedrpoushan, N. and Gorji, Y.

J. Life Sci. Biomed., 4(2): 78-82, 2014.

ABSTRACT: The aim of the present research is to evaluate the effectiveness of group counselling via dialectic method on the adjustment between mothers and their adolescent daughters in Esfahan City. This quasi-experimental study is of pretest-posttest type, with a control group. The statistical population has been all of the mothers in Esfahan and their adolescent daughters, who were selected through cluster sampling and were randomly placed in two control and experimental groups. The subjects of study were 30 mothers and daughters (60 in total), from among which, 15 mothers and daughters (30 persons) were put in the under training experimental group and 15 mothers and daughters (30 persons) were placed in the control group. In order to collect the data, the California Psychological Inventory test (personal-social adjustment questionnaire) was utilized which was completed (filled up) by mothers and daughters before and after training. The data has been analysed at descriptive and inferential levels (analysis of covariance), using SPSS software. Findings of this research through analysis of covariance revealed that dialectical behaviour therapy has an influence on increasing the mother-adolescent daughter adjustment.
Keywords: Adjustment, Dialectical Behaviour Therapy, Adolescent

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pii: S225199391400015-4

Sonochemical Syntheses of a New Nano-Plate Cadmium (II) Coordination Polymer with Pyridinecarboxylate and Azide Ligands

Original Research, D15

Ramezani, M.

J. Life Sci. Biomed., 4(2): 83-87, 2014.

ABSTRACT:  Nanoplates of three-dimensional coordination polymer, [Cd3 (3-pyc) 4(N3)2(H2O)] n (1), (3-pyc¯=3-pyridine carboxylate), have been synthesized by sonochemical method. The CdO nanoparticles were obtaine   by heating of [Cd3 (3-pyc) 4(N3)2(H2O) n (1) nanoplates at 500˚C. The [Cd3(3-pyc)4(N2)3(H2O)n and CdO nanoparticles were characterized by scanning electron microscopy, X-ray powder diffraction (XRD), thermal gravimetric analyses (TGA),differential thermal analyses (DTA) and IR spectroscopy. Results show that size and morphology of CdO nanoparticles are depending on particles size of compound (1) and thermolyses temperature.
Keywords
:  Nano-Structure, Cadmium(II) Oxide, Coordination Polimer, Crystal Structure

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pii: S225199391400016-4

The Relationship between Earnings Quality, Financing, Corporate Performance and Investment Decisions in Tehran Stock Exchange (TSE)-Listed Companies

Original Research, D16

Maherani, F. Ranjbar, M.H. and Fathi, Z

J. Life Sci. Biomed., 4(2):88-96, 2014.

ABSTRACT:  The aim of the present study is to examine the relationship between earnings quality, financing, corporate performance and investment decisions. Earnings quality was evaluated based on the relationship between earnings, accruals and cash using the ratio of operating cash flow to operating earnings. The sample consisted of 63 Tehran Stock Exchange (TSE)-listed companies selected through systematic sampling. The firms’ data from 2002 to 2010 were examined. The dependent variable was earnings quality. The independent variables included financing, corporate performance and investment decisions. Correlation coefficients and multivariate regression models were used for data analysis and testing hypotheses. The results suggest significant relationships between earnings quality and independent variables.
Keywords
:  Earnings Quality, Financing, Corporate Performance, Investment Decisions

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pii: S225199391400017-4

Smuggling of Goods and its Relationship with Socioeconomic Characteristics of Border Areas (Case Study: Minab City)

Original Research, D17

Sadeghi, M., Ghasemi, F. Ranjkesh, R. and Zandinasab, M.

J. Life Sci. Biomed., 4(2): 97-102, 2014.

ABSTRACT:  The present study examines the relationship between socioeconomic factors and smuggling offenses in Minab City. This is a descriptive-analytical study. Desk study and field survey were used to collect data. In the field survey, the required data was collected through questionnaires and personal interviews and observations. The population consisted of all people over 18 years in Minab. A sample size of 383 subjects was calculated using Cochran's formula. The collected data was analyzed quantitatively using t-test with the help of SPSS. The findings indicated a significant relationship between employment, unemployment, poverty, regional deprivation and education level and smuggling offenses. Higher deprivation and unemployment rate as well as worsened poverty lead to higher smuggling offenses in the region. Many smugglers of goods were forced to smuggle and accept suffer and danger due to economic pressures and unemployment. One of the major consequences of smuggling is decline of social and occupational status of smugglers in the community. The most basic strategy for eradicating smuggling, especially smuggling of goods in Minab, is eliminating deprivation by creating job opportunities and fighting poverty.
Keywords: 
Smuggling of Goods, Socioeconomic Factors, Border, Minab City


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pii: S225199391400018-4

A study of the Relationship between Parenting Styles and Tendency to Immoral Media in   Adolescents of Isfahan

Original Research, D18

Azari, S. and Faramarzi, S.

J. Life Sci. Biomed., 4(2): 103-107, 2014.

ABSTRACT:  Parenting styles as one of the basic duties of parents play a key role in the later periods of children’s lives. The current research aimed at determining the relationship between parenting styles and tendency to immoral media by adolescents. To this end, 200 teenager students were selected by multi-stage random cluster sampling from high schools in Isfahan, Iran, to participate in the research. The applied instruments included Parenting Styles and Dimensions Questionnaire (PSDQ) and tendency to immoral media questionnaires. To analyse the research data statistically, regression analysis was used. The findings indicated that the authoritarian and neglectful parenting styles are meaningfully predictors of the tendency to immoral media by adolescents. Based on the results it was shown that parenting styles can predict the adolescents’ tendency to immoral media.
Keywords:
Parenting Styles, Tendency to Immoral Media, Adolescents 

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pii: S225199391400019-4

Hatha Yoga Exercises Effects on Reducing Anxiety in Women

Original Research, D19

GhasemiNejad F., Fallahchai, R. and Askari, M.

J. Life Sci. Biomed., 4(2): 108-111, 2014.

ABSTRACT: The incidence of anxiety in recent decades has grown and researchers are looking for non-pharmaceutical and non-invasive treatment for it. The exercises of hatha yoga are considered as a complementary medicine alternative. This study was conducted to determine the effectiveness of yoga on anxiety reduction in women. This study has quasi-experimental design of a pre-test and post-tests type with a control group. In these study forty persons was considered as statically sample. After filling the characteristics’ questionnaire, thirty persons in the age range of 24-45 identified eligible to enter in study and were divided into two groups using matched randomly method , then by the simple random sampling method, one selected as experimental group and the other group was considered as control group. Subjects in the experimental group exercised in 24 sessions over 8 weeks ( three sessions per week for an hour ) first level exercises of Hatha Yoga that includes instructor techniques such as stretching, breathing and relaxation practice under the supervision of an expert. Controls were placed on a waiting list and they read about the benefits of yoga. Inventory data by demographic characteristics and DASS-21 questionnaire were collected in two steps (before and after intervention) and analysed using statistical software SPSS 18 and descriptive and inferential statistics (analysis of covariance). The mean anxiety scores in the experimental group showed a significant difference before and after intervention. But this difference was not significant in the control group.According to the findings, two months Hatha yoga practice was effective in reducing anxiety and can be considered as complementary therapy for the treatment of anxiety.
Keywords:
Hatha Yoga, Stress, Women

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pii:S225199391400020-4

Fiqh - Legal Assessment of the Effect of Gender Status in Determining the Age of Majority and Its Role in Criminal Responsibility

Original Research, D20

Jafari, M.

J. Life Sci. Biomed., 4(2): 112-118, 2014.

ABSTRACT: Determining the age of maturity in boys and girls is one of the important and complex issues in fiqh and law. Although well-known scholars of Imamiye believe that the age of majority is based on the definition of sexual maturity: 9 lunar years for girls and 15 lunar years for boys, according to the verses and hadith as well as the views of other scholars and the public Imamiye Scientific Research and the wide variety of its effects on adults, it is appropriate to focus on the comments that tend to increase the age of majority and reinforce these ideas. Since the age is just an evidence of majority, the determined age is inconsistent with the realities of adulthood and its consequences. One of the most important associated issues is to determine criminal responsibility for mature adults and to avoid punishing non-mature ones. One can realize that punishing individuals solely based on their age (9 or 15) and ignoring other related facts, does not seem appropriate.
Keywords
: Age, Gender, Majority, Criminal Responsibility

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pii: S225199391400021-4

Investigating the Relationship between Maladaptive Schemas and Marital Satisfaction in Mothers of Primary School Children

Original Research, D21

Falah Chay, S.R., Zarei, E. and Normandy Pour, F.

J. Life Sci. Biomed., 4(2): 119-124, 2014.

ABSTRACT: This study aimed to investigate the relationship between marital satisfaction and maladaptive schemas. The sample of the study included 380 mothers of primary school children in Bandar Abbas city. The sample was selected using multistage random sampling method. In this study, short-forms of Young maladaptive schemas questionnaire and ENRICH Marital Satisfaction questionnaire were used. In order to analyse data, descriptive statistics, Pearson's correlation coefficient (α = 0.05), (α = 0.01) and multiple regression analysis were used. The findings suggested that there are significant and negative relationship between three domains of the schema including disconnection and rejection, other–directedness and over vigilance and inhibition and marital satisfaction components including marital satisfaction and communications. Moreover, there are significant and negative relationships between disconnection and rejection and conflict resolution. In addition, there is a positive and significant relationship between domain of the schema relevant to impaired autonomy and performance and marital satisfaction. Furthermore, there is a positive and significant relationship between domain of the schema relevant to over vigilance and inhibition and ideological distortion. In addition, there is a positive and significant relationship between domain of the schema relevant to impaired limits and conflict resolution.
Keywords: Maladaptive Schemas, Marital Satisfaction

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pii: S225199391400022-4

The Evaluation of the Impact of Income Tax on Economic Growth and Development in the Islamic Republic of Iran during 1971-2006

Original Research, D22

Saedi Kia, A., Totonchi, J. and Tabatabaei Nasab, Z.

J. Life Sci. Biomed., 4(2): 125-130, 2014.

ABSTRACT: The main objective of this study is to evaluate the effect of income tax on economic growth and the development in the Islamic Republic of Iran between 1971-2006. In the present study the hypothesis such as advanced statistical methods like linear regression, VAR and ECM methods were used. Co-integration tests for long-term equilibrium relationship between the variables were used. To determine the option lag length for the model Schwarz Bayesian Criterion (SBC) have been used and the length of intervals in rows 2 and number 71.71521* were obtained. Long-term results of the co-integration test, the first long-term relationship, a long-term equilibrium current pay and exogenous variables. A relationship is a long-term. Payment of development and external variables. Stimulation response functions were obtained. We can get conclusion that most of the effect were on the income tax: their tax revenue (IRFs), current payments, payment of construction, general index (the price of consumer goods and services), and the economic growth rate leaves.
Keywords
: Taxation, Economic Growth, Economic Development, GDP Growth

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pii: S225199391400023-4

Comparing Control Locus and Quality of Life in Couples with High and Low Marital Satisfaction


Original Research, D23

Solaimani, F.

J. Life Sci. Biomed., 4(2): 131-134, 2014.

ABSTRACT: This study was aimed at comparing locus of control and quality of life in couples with high and low marital satisfaction. It was a descriptive and causal-comparative study. Therefore, 30 couples with high and 30 couples with low marital satisfaction were chosen in aimed sampling method. The two Locus of Control and Quality of Life questionnaires were used for collecting the data. Multi-variable variance analysis was applied for testing the research hypotheses. The results indicated a significantly lower score average in couples with high marital satisfaction rather than those with low marital satisfaction for locus of control variable. Life satisfaction was also significantly higher in couples with high marital satisfaction rather than those with low marital satisfaction. The findings are discussed regarding previous research findings, finally.
Keywords
: Locus of Control, Life Satisfaction, Marital Satisfaction

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pii: S225199391400024-4

Survey Relationship Liquidity and Price Volatility with Stock Return in Firms Listed in Tehran Stock Exchange

Original Research, D24

Sajadi, S.H., Fathi Z. and Ranjbar M.H.

J. Life Sci. Biomed., 4(2): 135-137, 2014.

ABSTRACT: Capital Asset Pricing Model (CAPM) is one of the most useful methods for predicting stock return. According to this model, systematic risk as measured by beta, the only variable that has the ability to forecast returns. Studies in Iran and other countries in field of predictive ability of this model and use the other variables, suggests that in addition to the variable beta, there are other variables such as liquidity and price volatility and ... that have predictive power for stock returns better than beta. In the present study, relationship liquidity and price volatility with stock returns, examined in a 9-year period from fiscal year 2002 to 2010 in Tehran Stock Exchange. Using the software E-views, data collected from the firms tested in the multiple regression models and the OLS and found there is no significant relationship between liquidity and stock returns, also volatility of stock price variables that can to explain stock returns in listed firms in Tehran Stock Exchange.
Keywords
Stock Returns, Liquidity, Price Volatility, Capital Asset Pricing Model

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pii: S225199391400025-4

A Comparison of Emotional Intelligence, Social Competence and its Components in Student with and Without Learning Disability

Original Research, D25

Bahramiyan, S.H., Maktabi, G. and Morovati Z.

J. Life Sci. Biomed., 4(2):138-143, 2014.

ABSTRACT: The purpose of this study was to compare the emotional intelligence, social competence and its components in student with and without learning disabilities. The statistical population of this research included all students with and without learning disabilities second and third grade in Ahwaz city during the academic year of 2012-2013. The research subjects consisted of 66 students with learning disabilities selected by simple random sampling and 66 normal students matched (on grade and socioeconomic status). To collect data, Questionnaires emotional intelligence Bar-on and Parker and the Social Competency Inventory Cohen and Rosmen were used. The results of multivariate of variance showed that there is a significant difference between students with and without learning disability in term of emotional intelligence, social competence and its components. In addition, the mentioned variables and its components in students with learning disability lower than normal students.

Keywords: Learning Disability, Emotional Intelligence and Social Competence

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pii: S225199391400026-4

The Comparative Study on Alimony- Marriage Portion and Inheritance in Iranian and British Legal Systems

Original Research, D26

Mohebinia, J., Inanloo A., Radmehr S. Jahani Maskon Z.

J. Life Sci. Biomed., 4(2): 144-150, 2014.

ABSTRACT: In this paper, following to domestic laws in Islamic Republic of Iran (IRI) and in comparison with the counterpart laws in UK, women’s financial rights are investigated in order to evaluate and identify women’s economic status in these countries. With respect to widespread slogan of equality of women and men’s rights in many countries during several recent decades, some laws were approved that it was expected them to able to provide economic rights for women in family, while currently it has passed many centuries that Islamic Jurisprudent Laws have deemed women as independent in proprietorship and possession toward their own acquired properties and they required husband(s) to meet wife’s needs through observance of moral principles. In this article, it has been briefly dealt with comparative analysis on women’s economic rights in family including alimony, marriage portion, and inheritance.
Keywords:
Financial Rights, Alimony, Inheritance, Marriage Portion, Family, Common Law

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pii: S225199391400027-4

Investigating the Effectiveness of the Group Instruction of the Healthy Lifestyle on Stress Management and Emotion Regulation by Using Psychodrama in Students.


Original Research, D27

Manzaree Tavakoli, F., Esmaili M., Tavakoli m. and Ahmadi Foroshani S.H.

J. Life Sci. Biomed., 4(2): 151-155, 2014.

ABSTRACT: This study aimed at investigating the effectiveness of the group instruction of the healthy lifestyle on stress management and emotion regulation by using psychodrama in female dormitory students of the University of Isfahan in the first semester in 2013. The statistical population includes all newly-arrived female undergraduate dormitory students. 32 subjects were selected among the students with high score in Difficulties in Emotion Regulation Scale and low score in Stress Management Questionnaire; they were randomly categorized into the experimental group and control group (16 subjects per group). The study was quasi-experimental with pre-test- post-test and control group. The experimental group was instructed for eight 90-minute sessions. Stress management questionnaire of Melekpour and Difficulties in Emotion Regulation Scale (DERS) were used to collect data. The results of post-test by the analysis of covariance suggested that the instructional intervention of the healthy lifestyle using psychodrama significantly increased ability of stress management and emotion regulation in female dormitory students participating in the study compared with control group (p
Keywords:
Instructing the Healthy Lifestyle, Psychodrama, Stress Management, Emotion Regulation

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pii: S225199391400028-4

Identification of Chlorophyll a from Green Seaweed (Chlorophyta) Caulerpa Racemosa by High Performance Liquid Chromatography (HPLC)

Original Research, D28

Kartini Z., TA. Rochmaniar. and W. Eko.

J. Life Sci. Biomed., 4(2): 156-157, 2014.

ABSTRACT: Caulerpa racemosa is one of green seaweed (Chlorophyta). Generally, green seaweed consists of chlorophyll and carotenoid. However, technique identification of chlorophyll a was not well observed, so writer want to exploit the use of High Performance Liquid Chromatography (HPLC) to determine the chlorophyll a. The Purpose of this research was to detect the content of chlorophyll a and the result of HPLC to determine the chlorophyll inside Caulerpa racemosa. Hexane and acetone (7:3 v/v) was used as mobile phase, silica gel F-254 as a stationary phase. Retardation factor (Rf) of chlorophyll was 0, 42 with blue green color spot. Identification of chlorophyll a using Spectrophotometer UV-Vis UV 1601, and acetone was used as a solvent, result for blue zone (B/soret): 429, 5 nm) and red zone (Qx: 615, 0 nm; Qy: 662, 0 nm). Whereas identification chlorophyll a using High Performance Liquid Chromatography (HPLC) was detect at 38, 1 minute retention time. Chlorophyll a yield was 0,089 % ± 0,000001.
Keywords:
Chlorophyll a, Caulerpa racemosa, HPLC

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pii: S225199391400029-4

The Study of Islamic, Realism and Liberalism Perspective about War and Peace on International Relations

Original Research, D29

Aghei T., Menati A. and Jofreh M.

J. Life Sci. Biomed., 4(2):138-143, 2014.

ABSTRACT: War and peace are tow quite distinct from the situation. Human hadn't been free of these from origin, he had been gripped on conflict, tension, struggle, war, flight or had lived in peaceful coexistence in peace. In total these issue are very important have been consider by scientists in history during time many task has been done for finding war reason, prevention, or even inhibition an how to end war and also creation of peaceful, security condition. In fact this subject is main core of international relation field and international low. In this article war, peace concept was discussed in three Islamic, Realism and liberalism perspective.

Keywords: Realism, Liberalism, Islamic, International Relations, International Low, War, Peace

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pii: S225199391400030-4

Evaluation of the Waste Law Rules in All Countries

Original Research, D30

Hasani A. and Faramarzi M.

J. Life Sci. Biomed., 4(2):165-168, 2014.

ABSTRACT:  Waste and wastes are terms for unwanted materials. Examples include municipal solid waste (household trash/refuse), wastewater (such as sewage, which contains bodily wastes or surface runoff), radioactive waste, and others. The term is often subjective (because waste to one person is not necessarily waste to another) and sometimes objectively inaccurate (for example, to send scrap metals to a landfill is to inaccurately classify them as waste, because they are recyclable). The terms can have various connotations, including pejorative tone (for example, "this spoiled food is nothing but waste now") or a squandering of potential (for example, "growing residential lawns in the desert is a waste of water").
Keywords
Law, Waste, Waste Law, Iran

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