Volume 5 (2); March 30, 2015 [XML]

Research Paper


An Investigation and Comparison Concerning the Degree of Self-Esteem and Life Satisfaction among Fertile and Infertile Women

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Ehsani Sarvkalaei H, Dadkhah S, Yaghoubi A.

J. Life Sci. Biomed., 5(2): 26-29, 2015; pii:S225199391500006-5

Abstract

The purpose of present research is investigating and comparing the degree of self- esteem and life satisfaction among fertile and infertile women. This is a descriptive research conducted using a causal-comparative method. The population studied in this research consisted of all fertile women referred to medical centers of Sari and Qaemshahr during 2014 and also infertile women referred to Maryam infertility center in Sari city. For this purpose, 100 infertile women and 89 fertile women were selected through a simple random method as statistical sample. The data were collected using Cooper smith’s self-esteem questionnaire (1999) and Diner’s life satisfaction questionnaire (1985). The reliability of measurement tools was confirmed using Cronbach Alpha method. In order to analyze the data, t-method was used for two independent groups and Pearson’s correlation test. The results of this study indicated that infertile women possessed lower self-esteem and life satisfaction than fertile ones.
Keywords: Fertility, Infertility, Self-Esteem, Life Satisfactio

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Characterization of Caulerpa Racemosa Fraction As Aeromonas Hydrophila Anti-Bacterial

Image result for Caulerpa RacemosaZamzami I and Maftuch SA.

J. Life Sci. Biomed., 5(2): 30-33, 2015; pii:S225199391500007-5

Abstract

Caulerpa racemosa is one type of seaweed that is commonly found in Talango, Sumenep, Madura, Indonesia. This type could be expected to be used as an Aeromonas hydrophila anti-bacterial, so it is necessary to characterize the compound. The method used in this research is the method of the separation of Caulerpa racemosa fractions using chromatography column. Characterization of Caulerpa racemosa anti-bacterial compounds against Aeromonas hydrophila bacteria examined by using chromatography column method, and it has been found that the fraction containing anti-bacterial is fraction 7, with a ratio of eluent 4 (ethyl acetate): 6 (ethanol). Furthermore, based on the characterization tests using ultraviolet spectrophotometer, infrared spectrophotometer and LC-MS, it is known that the antibacterial compounds contained in Caulerpa racemosa fraction is flavonoid luteolin group.
Key words: Antibacterial, Caulerpa Racemosa, Flavonoids

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Correlation between Marital Satisfaction and Mental Health In Nurses of Tehran Hospitals

Image result for Iranian NursesSaeedifard T, Hajrezaei B and Jahanbazi B.

J. Life Sci. Biomed., 5(2): 34-38, 2015; pii:S225199391500008-5

Abstract

Mental health plays a significant role in ensuring of dynamics and functioning of any community. Those people who have higher life satisfaction, experience deeper affections and feelings and have over ally higher health. The aim of this study was to identify any possible relationship between marital satisfaction and general health in nurses. A multi factorial correlation design was used to convey the study. Accessible sampling was used to select 200 married nurses, aged between 20 and 40 that were working in hospitals of Tehran. We used IMS marital satisfaction questionnaire and General Health Questionnaire (GHQ) to evaluate marital satisfaction and general health respectively among nurses. The data were analysed using Pearson correlation test, regression analysis and variance analysis. Results showed a positive significant correlation between marital satisfaction and general health (p0.05). Since the correlation between marital satisfaction and general health was positive, resolving marital problems and consequently increasing marital satisfaction can increase the level of general health which may increase the level of health in family and society.
Key words: Mental Health, Marital Satisfaction.

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Oocyte Diamater Distribution and Fecundity of Javaen Barb (Systomus Orphoides) at the Start of Rainy Season in Lenteng River, East Java, Indonesia Insurance

Image result for Systomus OrphoidesHasan V, Sri Widodo M and Semedi B.

J. Life Sci. Biomed., 5(2): 39-42, 2015; pii:S225199391500009-5

Abstract

The first stage of this research was sample collection from Lenteng River in East Java and the second was oocyte diameter distribution and fecundity analysis in Fish Reproduction Laboratory of Fisheries and Marine Sciences Faculty of Universitas Brawijaya, Malang in November 2014. The purpose of this research was to know oocyte diameter distribution and fecundity of Javaen Barb (Systomus orphoides) at the start of rainy season. Method of the research was descriptive method with graphic analysis model. The Javaen Barb researched for their oocyte diameter was the adult female fish which were in Stage V of Gonadal Maturation Stages while the ones researched for their fecundity were adult female fish based on their weight class interval differences. Results showed oocytes in diameter class interval B had the highest existing frequency reaching 45.33%, while the lowest was diameter class interval E with 1.66% existing frequency. The highest frequency of fecundity was achieved by weight class interval E with 61,619 oocytes while the lowest fecundity rate was on weight class interval A with 30,123 oocytes.
Key words: Oocyte Diameter, Fecundity, Javaen Barb

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An Evaluation into Monitoring Management and the Concrete Retrofitting from Project Management Perspective

Image result for Project Management PerspectiveZekavat M and Momenian A.

J. Life Sci. Biomed., 5(2): 43-47, 2015.; pii:S225199391500010-5

Abstract

The building projects management is developed by ever increasing growth of construction all over the world. In this project the monitoring management evaluation and the concrete retrofitting from project management perspective are considered because the growth of execution for reinforced concrete structures and their rate of vulnerability as result of different events and on the other hand lack of manager’s acquaintance of monitoring concepts ant evaluation method and retrofitting approaches. One of the important aims of monitoring management is the creation of methods for evaluation and monitoring that the best conditions will be considered with best concepts of concrete retrofitting in practice. Furthermore the demolition development can be prevented by the accomplishment of review forms and frequent investigations and the increase of efficient lifetime of concrete structures is also created by them.
Key words: Project Management, Retrofitting, Concrete Structures, Monitoring Management, Construction

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Effect of Temperature on The Growth and Survival of Pathogens in Duck and Quail Meatballs

Image result for Pathogens in Duck and Quail MeatballsHaslia, F., Adzitey, F., Huda, N, and Ali, G.R.R.

J. Life Sci. Biomed., 5(2): 48-52, 2015.; pii:S225199391500011-5

Abstract

The effect of temperatures (pre-heating and heating) on the growth and survival of pathogens in duck and quail meatballs were investigated. The meatballs were inoculated with pure cultures of Listeria monocytogenes, Salmonella species, Escherichia coli, Bacillus cereus and Staphylococcus aureus containing an average cell concentration of ~106 cfu/ml. Meatball samples were analyzed at 5 min intervals for 40 min, during two steps of cooking; pre-heating at 45 oC for 20 min and heating at 90 oC for further 20 min. Microbial load of the raw minced duck and quail meats, pre-heated and heated meatballs differed significantly (P < 0.05) from each other. Pre-heating at 45 oC for 20 min was not lethal to the pathogens examined. Heating at 90 oC for 20 min was enough to deactivate all pathogens in the duck and quail meatballs. This study suggests that measures such as hygienic precautions during preparation of meatball and heating at a temperature of ≥ 90 oC for 20 min or more will control microbial growth and provide wholesome and safe duck and quail meatballs for consumption.
Key words: Duck meatball, Heating, Quail meatball, Pathogen, Pre-heating

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Effect of Sargassum filipendula Fucoxanthin Againts HeLa Cell and Lymphocyte Proliferation

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Zailanie K, Kartikaningsih H, Kalsum U.

J. Life Sci. Biomed., 5(2): 53-59, 2015.; pii:S225199391500012-5

Abstract

This study aims to Obtain a pure extract of Sargassum filipendula, fucoxanthin, determine the effect of concentration fucoxanthin against HeLa cells and determine the effect of concentration fucoxanthin against cancer cell lymphocytes. The benefit of this research is to find out that fucoxanthin can be used as an anti-cancer treatment. The study was conducted in September 2013 at the Laboratory of Fishery Product Technology, Faculty of Fisheries and Marine Science and Medical Biomedical Laboratories, University of Brawijaya, Malang. Sampling brown seaweed (Sargassum filipendula) of the District Rural Padike Talango Sumenep Madura. Extracted isolated by column chromatography using silica gel stationary phase and mobile phase hexane : ethyl acetate (6:4, v/v) ± 100 ml, then identified by TLC using the stationary phase a silica gel F - 254 HPLC with ODS stationary phase (C-18) 5 ml with a mobile phase of methanol, acetone and ammonium acetate (1M) (80:10:10, v/v) and injected a flow rate of 1.0 ml / min pigment solution of 20 mL compared with the standard of Japan. Research results indicate that, spectra maximum wavelength of 450 nm and 446 nm with a minimum of acetone solvent. HPLC has the same retention time = 10.12 standard, while Sargassum filipendula = 10.11. The best concentrations for lethal Hela cells at 100 ppm was 4.717% which means that fucoxanthin effect against HeLa cells have the potential fucoxanthin that can induce cell apoptosis that occurs in HeLa cells, it is possible because of the anti- carcinogenic fucoxanthin has structure unique. While the cell lymphocytes in the dosage of 100 ppm were dead at 9.543 %, the effect of the toxicity of a substance can be observed from how many dead lymphocytes when compared with the state charity by observing level of lymphocyte proliferation.
Key words: Fucoxanthin, Hela Cells, Lymphocytes, Mtt

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